or Transfrontier Conservation Areas (TFCAs) link the natural wonders of Africa across international borders - jointly managing and promoting the conservation and free movement of wildlife across international boundaries. The Kavango-Zambezi (KAZA) TFCA
is situated where the borders of Angola, Botswana, Namibia, Zambia and Zimbabwe converge. Officially proclaimed in 2011 at nearly 170,000 square miles, (roughly the size of Sweden) it is the largest conservation area in the world. When complete, it will include 36 national parks, game reserves, community conservancies and game management areasand hold the largest contiguous population of African elephants in the world. The key objective of the KAZA TFCA is to join fragmented wildlife habitats to form an interconnected mosaic of protected areas and transboundary wildlife corridors.One of the primary components of the KAZA TFCA
is the Elephant Corridor. This innovative project will link the Chobe National Park in Botswana to the Kafue National Park in Zambia, creating the world's largest free roaming elephant zone for more than 100,000 Elephants. The project is being developed within the Simalaha Community Conservancy
, ensuring that the corridor will benefit both wildlife and local communities. An important element of the KAZA TFCA will be the development of tourism to benefit local communities
Elephant herds In the Tarangire National Park of northeastern Tanzania move freely in and out of the park. Research, ongoing there since 1993, has produced a vast amount of data on the Tarangire elephant population. With area elephant and human populations growing, human-elephant conflicts have become the primary threat to elephant survival. The Tarangire elephants are also under increasing threat from ivory poaching and loss of critical habitat outside the National Park. The Tarangire Elephant Project
(TEP) works to protect migration corridors and critical elephant areas outside the National Park. Working with local villages and landowners, more than 60,000 acres of land has been protected in a primary elephant dispersal area through community conservation easements. Wildlife monitoring scouts and anti-poaching teams serve as deterrents to poachers and alert the National Park anti-poaching units to illegal activity. The TEP is expanding programs by implementing a Payment for Ecosystem Services program and expanding the network of village game scouts.